Acker, a professor of criminal justice in this book gives an overview that comprehensively presents the general view of the death penalty in America. The book covers crucial issues in respect to arguments made in court, court decisions, and research studies. It looks at topics such as deterrence, principles for sentencing an individual, racial discrimination, and innocence. The author writes those matters that are political and legal influence the existence of the capital punishment. The volume hugely explores the events that surround the death penalty in the past a well as in the current century. Also, it touches on the legal foundations and its justifications, practical and policy decisions pertaining capital punishment. The book shows how primary arguments support the existence of the sentence, further talks about aspects of capital sentencing and post-conviction issues that make up this controversy.
In against the death penalty, Breyer significantly argues that the death penalty violates the constitution. Because it is carried out unfairly and inconsistently thus violating the cruel and unusual punishment ban that is specified in the eighth amendment of the composition. Justice Breyer says, the administration of the death penalty currently “involves fundamental constitutional defects that include; unreliability, arbitrariness in the application and unconscionable delays.” It is evident in the case of Glissip v. Gross that passionate argument made by various experts that eventually caused the court to strike down the death penalty. Also, Justice Breyer’s legal citations make a convincing evidence that the Supreme Court has been adviced to review and revisit the constitutionality of the death penalty.
Capital offenses is a book in which criminal liability, substantive crimes such as fraud, justice obstruction, and bribery are covered. Buell explains from various investigations that have been examined as to why most corporations and other executives rarely face a criminal charge. The general books’ argument is whenever there is a facet of the law, and the practice of corporate crimes such as the institution of prosecution, defense and adjudication establishes evidence of Americans’ dependence and other inabilities the criminal may fail to deliver. Thus corporations cannot be charged with cases such as homicide for it is challenging to prove beyond reasonable doubt. There is a proposal on the changes of some laws to curb unfair court proceedings.
The case for capital punishment is what Alfred uses to put across an argument concerning the death penalty. In this book, there is an analysis of factors that have a significant influence on determining the deterrence of murder. However, there are frequent criticisms of the capital punishment. The author shows situations that a state death penalty can be recommended or instead properties that necessitate the sentence; “a reduction in the intentional killing when the capital punishment is present an increase in the murder rates when the threat of death penalty is removed.” Finally, a suggestion is made in the book that capital punishment should be judged by its pragmatic value in the general society and not by any moral obligation
Hodgkinson offers new perspectives on capital punishment. The book depicts various arguments that challenge the existence of the sentence as well as the strategies of abolishing the same. The author is the idea that the state should come up with humane policies to appropriately replace the death penalty. The “new perspectives” are in the author’s view not academic but require the working knowledge of those working in related departments. Issues such as parent sentenced to death leaving their children and internships working with death penalties in their necks are well elaborated in the book. Therefore, the book opposes the abolition of the punishment. In most cases, human feeling is lost to both victims as well as their families due to stigma and poor handling in prisons.
The authors explain the controversial issue globally. However, in most states take it as cruel and inhuman most are in the process of abolition. Some have managed to abolish the capital punishment while others have failed to achieve. The book shows that most researchers have come out to argue that mostly there is no evidence that the death penalty deters crime concerning deterrence. It is evident that up to recent times the supreme court has been conservative on the issue of the death penalty with an inclusion of juveniles as well we the mentally challenged that were done away with in the recent past. The capital punishment, in this case, is taken to be the defender of morality against the rampant permissiveness thus it stands a good chance of defending many rights as well as defending the state power against anarchic criticism. All this carries the burden of why the states need to propagate such punishment.
Acker, James R. Questioning Capital Punishment: Law, Policy, and Practice. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis, 2014.